Erasmus+ : a new program for education and training (2014-2020)
Erasmus+ (2014-2020) is the new 16 billion euro catch-all framework program for education, training, youth and sport. It is built on the well-known and respected EU brand of the highly successful Erasmus student exchange program.
The new program has an enhanced focus on student and educator mobility, reform of existing overlapping structures and greater cooperation in the field of education with non-EU countries. It is intended to all European students, trainees, teachers, trainers and youth. Up to 5 million persons will beneficiate from EU subventions for getting education or training experience abroad between 2014-2020 - twice as many people as today.
The framework brings together the Lifelong Learning Program (Leonardo, Comenius, Grundtvig, Erasmus and Jean Monnet actions), Youth in Action and five other international programs including Erasmus Mundus and Tempus into one single, simplified and modern program. The focus is on formal and informal learning across EU borders to improve the skills and employability of students, educators and workers.
It is divided into 3 principal pillars: education and formation, youth and sport. Accordingly, it improves the quality of education in EU and elsewhere, supports member states and partner countries in modernization of their educative systems and professional training and it supports sport in Europe as well.
The main objective of Erasmus+ is to improve employability of the youth by acquiring supplementary competences appreciated by employers. As well as improvement of their language skills and flexibility.
It proposes more support to participants from lower socio-economic background and disadvantaged groups, as well as more flexibility to various needs, new forms of mobility (blended: physical + virtual) or better use of new technologies.
THE ERASMUS + PROGRAMME
The Erasmus + programme is divided in 3 key actions.
Action key 1 - Individual mobility for learning
Mobility periods for studies, training and work placements within the European area are reinforced at all stages of life and at all levels of training.
Some of these mobility periods can be made to and from third countries (non-EU member countries), for higher education and the youth sector.
Are involved :
- Education staff (schools, higher education, vocational training, adult education , vocational training):participation in training courses, seminars, teaching assignments, etc.
- Students : for study periods or job placements
- Young people undergoing vocational training : for job placements
- Young people outside the education system : for volunteering activities (individual or in groups)
- Professionals and decision makers of the youth sector
Action key 2 - Cooperation and partnerships for innovation and best practices sharing
International cooperation projects and best practice sharing between institutions are
reinforced. All sectors (schools, higher education institutions, vocational training, adult education
and the youth sector) are concerned.
Four types of partnership are offered :
- Strategic Partnerships meet the growing need for innovation and aim to bridge together all the stakeholders involved in a given sector : education, training and youth. For greater impact, a given project can include both mobility and cooperation activities.
- Knowledge Alliances are large-scale partnerships that aim to modernise higher education institutions. Close collaboration with the professional world allows to generate innovation and creativity, and to adapt qualifications to changing employment needs.
- Sector Skills Alliances allows cooperation between training organisations and companies : creation of new training subjects, modernisation of training practices, social innovation, etc.
- International cooperation with third countries is reinforced and aims at the modernisation of higher education institutions, governance reform, quality of teaching, non-formal education, etc.
The countries concerned are European neighbourhood countries, Latin America, Asia and Africa.
In the meantime, IT Support Platforms (including e-Twinning) strengthen networking.
Action key 3 - Support for public policy reform
The key action 3 supports public policy reform in the Member States and cooperation with third
countries, including the exchange of good practices. This support includes the implementation
of European transparency tools, the conduct of cross-national studies and the support of specific
action programs, including the Bologna (for higher education) and Copenhagen (for vocational
education and training) processes.
Two specific actions complete this new programme : the Jean Monnet Programme, which
encourages teaching, research and discussion in the fields of history, politics, economics and EU
law, and the cooperation in the sport sector.